Tag Archives: Sun Yat-sen

Doctors and natural scientists who became Head of State

I was invited to give a speech to the delegation of the Sun Yat-sen University earlier this week. Sun Yat-sen himself was a medical doctor who became the first president of the Republic of China, while the current president of the University, Professor Ning-sheng Xu, was a natural scientist.

Just for fun, and for some light relief, my colleague, Peter Chilton, and I decided to compile a provisional list of doctors or natural scientists who became presidents, prime ministers, (or equivalent), which we enclose below.

Please let me know if you have any other names to add to this list.

One thing is for sure, lawyers outnumber doctors and natural scientists combined by an order of magnitude.

Medical Doctors - Sali Berisha, Prime Minister of Albania, 2005–present; Navin Ramgoolam, Prime Minister of Mauritius, 2005–present; Ram Baran Yadav, President of Nepal, 2008–present; Federico Franco, President of Paraguay, 2012–present; Denzil Douglas, Prime Minister of Saint Kitts & Nevis, 1995–present; Bashar al-Assad, President of Syria, 2000–present; Wael Nader Al-Halq, Prime Minister of Syria, 2012–present; Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow; President of Turkmenistan, 2006–present. Baghdadi Ali Mahmudi, Prime Minister of Libya, 2006–2011; Hastings Banda, President of Malawi 1966–1994; Mohammad Najibullah Ahmadzai, President of the Republic of Afghanistan, 1987–1992; François Duvalier, President of Haiti, 1957–1971; Sir Milton Margai, Prime Minister of Sierra Leone, 1961–1964; Sir Earle Page, Prime Minister of Australia, 1939; Sun Yat-sen, Provisional President of the Republic of China 1912; Sir Charles Tupper, Prime Minister of Canada, 1896. Natural Scientists - Elio Di Rupo, Prime Minister of Belgium, 2011–present; Xi Jinping, President of the People’s Republic of China 2013–present; Angela Merkel, Chancellor of Germany 2005–present; Keith Mitchell, Prime Minister of Grenada, 2013–present; Valdis Dombrovskis, Prime Minister of Latvia, 2009–present; Norovyn Altankhuyag, Prime Minister of Mongolia, 2012–present; Pope Francis (Jorge Bergoglio), Sovereign of Vatican City 2013–present. Margaret Thatcher, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, 1979–1990.

Provisional list of Heads of State, Presidents [Pr] and Prime Ministers [PM] who were medical doctors or natural scientists.